Institutions in charge of migration issues

Secretariat of Foreign Affairs

Secretariat of Human Rights, Justice, Interior and Decentralization

General Information

Honduras is strategically located in the heart of Central America and is surrounded by high tropical mountains, which provide the country with a variety of different climates. Its northern border is the Caribbean Sea, offering long stretches of beautiful beach, warm weather and friendly people. Just off the coast, the Bay Islands are surrounded by the world’s second largest coral reef.

Honduras limits at the Southeast with Nicaragua, at the west with Guatemala, and at the southwest with El Salvador. The North coast of the country is bathed by the Caribbean Sea and the south by the Pacific Ocean. In the interior, there is a central mountainous system that crosses the country from East to West and is crossed by rivers that end as much at the Caribbean as in the Pacific. The lower lands in the South, form a plain throughout the coast of the Pacific. In the Gulf of Fonseca, in the southwest, there are many islands with volcanos. The great fertile valleys located next to the Caribbean Sea are dedicated mainly to the banana culture. Nevertheless, also there is a lot of land extensions that are not apt for agriculture. Most of the population is concentrated in western half of the country. The area around Puerto Cortés is highly populated and extends from the Yojoa lake towards the north, to the Caribbean Sea.

Central America

Time zone
GMT - 6

112.492 km²

7.793.000 inhabitants (estimated in 2008)

Density of Population
67 inhabitants per Sq. km.

Tegucigalpa. Population: 1.300.000 (estimated in 2008)

Government type

Democratic constitutional republic. Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. Chief of State and Head of Government: Manuel Zelaya Rosales (since 2005).

The official language is Spanish. Amerindian dialects also spoken: miskito, sumu and paya.

Most of the population is Roman Catholic.

110/120/220 volts AC, 60Hz.

Social conventions

Although in Honduras there are strong Spanish influences, the majority of the population is racially mixed, and lives on agriculture, with a low standard of life. Many rural communities have changed little trough the years and they conserve its traditional lifestyle. The elementary norms of courtesy are due to observe. If you are invited to dinner, you should send flowers to the host before or after the meal. Dressing code is conservative but informal. The use of the beach wear and short trousers must restrict to beaches or swimming pools. For social events, you should only use formal dressing.

Virtual Secretariat
Regional Conference on Migration